“If descendants of African slaves did not fare well in British Caribbean colonies, neither did descendants of indentured workers who were brought from India between 1838 and 1917. As the largest ethnic group among indentured workers, Indians who assumed plantation tasks formerly done by the freed Africans, remained on plantations after smaller ethnic groups like Portuguese and Chinese had moved into urban areas and, in time, became numerous enough to form about twenty percent of the Anglophone Caribbean population. Indians are sometimes credited with having saved the sugar industry, especially in Guyana and Trinidad, the two Anglophone Caribbean territories of largest, Indian settlement. It is why, until around independence in the 1960s, Indians were generally regarded as simple agriculturists or farmers.”

Extract from West Indian History and Literature by Frank Birbalsingh