“Indians, who were considered an uncivilised race with a backward, barbaric culture, lived and worked in conditions reminiscent of slavery. British avarice blinded the justice system, so despite clear guidelines for the protection of the Indians, open discrimination was the rule. Indians were cheated and often starved, and in extreme circumstances even murdered. Their bodies may have died, but their collective community spirit survived. And it is through this spirit of pride and commitment that they made sure that future generations would never have to relive their plantation experience, where their lives were devalued and the only thing that mattered was the labour they provided to lubricate the engine of British capitalism.”

Extract from Beyond Survival: Indians in Trinidad and Tobago, 1845-2017 by Jai Parasram